Ask the Doctor

Are skin changes of the breast/nipple a sign of breast cancer?

Dimpling of the skin or retraction of the nipple may be a sign of an underlying breast cancer.  Some people are born with inverted nipples and this is not a problem.  But if a change occurs and the skin dimples or the nipple retracts you should seek medical attention to make sure that it is not a cancer.  Benign inflammation usually causes these symptoms but cancer must be ruled out.

Does diet play a role in breast health?

Diet can indirectly affect breast health. A diet high in fats promotes higher estrogen levels, which can increase the risk for breast cancer. Obesity has a positive correlation with breast cancer; however, there are only small changes in the overall breast cancer risk.

What is stereotactic breast biopsy?

A stereotactic biopsy is a technique that uses a computer to take two mammogram views of a suspicious area and with these two views the computer triangulates the location in the breast and directs the core needle to sample that area. It is like GPS for breast biopsies.

How are breast cysts treated?

Most breast cysts need no treatment. If they look like simple cysts on an ultrasound and are not painful then they do not need care. They may even resolve on their own. Sometimes simple cysts can get painful if they enlarge quickly. These painful cysts can be aspirated in the office easily with no need for any anesthesia. If the cyst is complicated with findings that suggest a solid component, then they may need to be biopsied. Bottom line is, however, most cysts need no care.

Does a woman’s weight play a role in breast health?

A woman’s weight does play a role in the risk for breast cancer. The more fatty tissue a body contains the more estrogen that individual will produce. Estrogen is the main stimulant for breast cancer development and growth. Eating right and maintaining a healthy body size is important for good breast health.

What is sentinel lymph mapping?

Sentinel node mapping is used to sample the lymph nodes most likely to be involved with a particular cancer. Instead of doing a much more invasive procedure that removes 15 to 20 nodes, only 1 or 2 specific nodes can be removed to get the same information. A radioactive protein is injected in the area of the cancer and a special Geiger counter is used to fine the targeted nodes. These nodes are then examined by a pathologist to determine if the cancer has spread.

I have a tattoo on one of my breasts. Will this increase my risk of breast cancer?

Tattoos do not increase the risk of breast cancer. They do stain the lymph nodes, however, so if a patient does develop breast cancer it may make caring for the lymph nodes more difficult but this does not alter the overall prognosis.

I have been taking birth control pills for many years. Does this increase my breast cancer risk?

Birth control pills have not been proven to increase the risk of breast cancer. However, later onset of the first pregnancy and fewer pregnancies does increase the risk of breast cancer very slightly so indirectly the pill does affect breast cancer.

I have been physically active and involved in sports all of my life. Do incidents such as accidentally getting hit in the breast with a basketball or tennis ball or the natural bumps or knocks to the breast during sports and other physical activity affect a woman’s risk of breast cancer?

There is no association between trauma and breast cancer.  Bruises do not change into cancer.  That being said, however, sometimes a trauma may bring your attention to a lump that is already in the breast.  If a lump persists after a trauma it should be checked.  One strange occurrence in my practice happened years ago when a patient came in complaining that she had a lump because a horse had bitten her on the breast.  In her case the horse may have saved her life because it bit her on her breast cancer which was then treated.

Dr. Arbutina

 

There is no evidence that injury to the breasts increases the risk of breast cancer.  Injury can change the appearance of the breast on a mammogram, which can lead to additional testing.

Dr. Biggs

If a woman has cancer in a body organ, other than her breast, does that put her more at risk for developing breast cancer?

If a woman has cancer in another organ she is not at higher risk of breast cancer unless she has one of the uncommon genetic defects.  For example, if a woman does not know she as a BRCA deletion and develops ovarian cancer, she is also at risk for breast cancer.  But thankfully this is not a common occurrence.

Dr. Arbutina